Indie Labels Can’t Get a Vinyl Record Made In Under 3 Months

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A vinyl records production bottleneck is hitting independent labels hard.

We’ve reported about interminable delays for vinyl records for years.  But now, the issue seems to be intensifying, with an unfortunate production war brewing between indies and major labels.

The skinny?  Majors are jumping ahead with bigger, more lucrative production orders.  Indies lack that buying power, and are now facing delays of three months — or more.  “We’ve been making records continuously for 20 years and the lead time has gone up from three weeks to three months,” Gerald Short of Jazzman Records just told the Guardian.

“The major labels have the leverage with the pressing plants due to the volume of business they can offer, which I can understand.  Most record companies in the UK use plants in Europe these days, and at the moment the pressing plants just cannot cope with the demand.  They’re working 24/7.”

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Europe isn’t the only place with a slowdown.  Stateside, surging vinyl demand is outpacing sluggish supply.  And on both sides of the Atlantic, the number of plants remains relatively static.

We’ve also been hearing from smaller record stores, including those participating in Record Store Day.  Apparently, major labels have been squeezing into RSD for years, and — according to some — ruining the small business, indie feel of it all.  But buyers are calling the shots here, with an older demographic purchasing classic titles from mega-names like Led Zeppelin, Bob Marley, and the Rolling Stones.

All of which is squeezing newer indie artists, even those with huge followings.

Unsigned artists might be getting screwed the worst.

We’re hearing turnaround times of six months of more, depending on what other orders come in.

Of course, none of that affects used vinyl records, a big part of this resurgence.  But it’s depriving labels of their most lucrative revenue stream, with supply-side issues making it impossible to develop healthy, recurring revenue flows.

And there’s serious, serious help on the way.

Over the past few months, Digital Music News has been receiving confidential information regarding a massive supply-side expansion.  The changes could dramatically reduce turnaround times for everyone, and seriously expand the vinyl records market.

Only problem?  We can’t say anything about it (yet).

Separately, new plants are popping up — ever so slowly…

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That includes Sony, which jumped back into vinyl records production earlier this year.  New plants are also popping up, including major facilities in Texas, Ireland, Jamaica, and other regions.  Even an abandoned prison in the Netherlands has been retrofitted to make vinyl records.

We’ve even heard that old-time record plant technicians are being brought out of retirement — thanks to their rare skills involving etching, stampers, and fixing decades-old machines.  Indeed, these septuagenarians and octogenarians are popping out of retirement — and spending their senior years in the plants they helped to build.

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Unfortunately, none of that is enough to fix a massive supply problem.  Sadly, indies are not only unable to reliably manufacture vinyl, they’re also unable to effectively sell that vinyl.  Three months is a working estimate, and re-orders are nearly impossible to receive quickly.

All of which shifts the action towards the most reliable, year-round sellers, instead of emerging artists with willing buyers.


6 Responses

  1. Cavan

    Vinyl is cannibalizing iTunes sales. That’s the long-term trend here. There will always be people who want to own a copy of their favorite music rather than just rent it. Vinyl is the most durable way to do it. I have many vinyl records on my shelf that outlived their original owners and sound better than anything digital. With a record, you know that you’ll be able to listen to that music whenever you want for the rest of your life. No hard drives to crash, no weird rights battles or steaming service going out of business.

    see also: CD’s.

  2. Faza (TCM)


    glut, n.
    1. an excessively abundant supply of something.

    So, exactly the opposite of what we’re seeing.

    More to the point, none of this is remarkably surprising. We have a relatively elastic demand side in this market and a highly inelastic supply side (mostly because all our production capacity had pretty much gone to hell over the past few decades). Given time, it will work itself out, provided there’s no major collapse of the vinyl market (in which case everyone who didn’t get around to investing in a plant will be very happy indeed).

    • Paul Resnikoff

      Poor word choice, thank you.

      One angle here is to say: this will work itself out. As if Adam Smith’s perfect capitalist machine always finds a way. But that ignores some very serious issues that are keeping capital on the sidelines.

      Anyway, there’s a lot more I’ll be sharing on this space in the coming weeks and months. Let’s just say a great deal is about to change — for the better, you won’t recognize this space in just a few years.

  3. Ivan

    This does not reflect what we are doing, which is delivering finished vinyl within 6 weeks from within the US. Happy to look at smaller runs. From the same people who helped get Tuff Gong back online.

    Contact us if interested at

  4. Andrew

    This is simply not true. Bottlenecks have been clearing up steadily over the last couple years. There are new plants popping up everywhere. Forget the “confidential information” about supply side expansions – there is a ton of public information out there. New presses are being made, new plants are opening. If you are waiting three months for a record to be pressed, you’re using the wrong plant.