5 Types of VPN and Protocols and When to Use Them: A Guide for Newbies

VPN, virtual private network technology, proxy and ssl, cyber security.

Does the thought of cybersecurity scare you?

With your ISP having full access to your browsing history, you have strangers surveilling everything you do online, which ultimately takes away your privacy. Beyond that, ISPs are allowed to sell your browsing history to advertisers and cybercriminals are increasing by the day, which takes scary to a whole new level.

With this in mind, you need to take stringent measures to safeguard your privacy. A VPN or virtual private network has the ability to hide your true identity by encrypting your data. There are many types of VPN to choose from, all of which come with different protocols and features.

You can send files or important documents without worrying that hackers or internet service providers will take a peek. In addition to that, you can download torrents, bypass Geo-restrictions, and watch unlimited content online. It’ll help if you understand these protocols as well as their uses to select the right service.

In this post, we’re going to look at 5 of the most popular types of VPN, which are PPTP VPN, L2TP VPN, SSL, IPsec, and Hybrid VPN. All these allow different functions and come at different prices, so you may consider your budget as well.

1. PPTP VPN (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)

If you choose to install this version, it’ll create a tunnel that’ll safely pass your internet traffic, giving you a secure connection. You can use this VPN using your existing internet connection, which makes it the best solution for home or business use.

Point-to-point tunneling protocol is relatively affordable and will provide you with a secure connection. On the downside, PPTP does not offer encryption. Encryption is essential in terms of making data readable, and without it, it’s impossible to understand the data.

2. Site-to-Site VPN

Also known as Router-to-Router VPN, site-to-site VPN is most suitable for corporate users. You see, some companies may have branches located in different parts of the world, and this VPN can keep all connections in those locations secure.

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Most of the time, you’ll find that the primary aim of using this VPN is to connect the different branches, but companies also use it as a communication tool. The advantage the site-to-site VPN has over the PPTP VPN is that it offers an encryption facility that encrypts and decrypts data when necessary.

On the downside, you’ll need to have a dedicated line to access various websites within a network, and this VPN does not allow dedicated lines. This could be a significant disadvantage depending on your use.

3. IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) VPN

The internet protocol security VPN will provide you with secure internet traffic within your IP network. You’ll have access to your central site through a tunnel located in a remote location. This VPN works in two different modes, which are the tunneling mode and the transport mode, which offers the ultimate encryption.

With an IPsec VPN, you will have complete security and protection against all threats because it makes it hard to understand the information being sent or received. It may also be combined with other protocols for added security.

On the downside, however, it’s neither cheap nor straightforward. The setup will be time-consuming, and you may have to pay a hefty price for it.

4. L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol) VPN

This is not a single VPN, but rather a combination. Most of the time, you’ll find that the L2TP protocol is combined with IPsec for higher quality VPN services. This translates to ultimate security. The data travels through two tunnels, which are two L2TP connection points. If combined with the IPsec, its job is to encrypt the data.

5. MPLS (Multiprotocol Label Switching) VPN

The MPLS VPN is used for Site-to-Site connections, making it more flexible than most other types of VPN. It comes with high speeds in terms of distributing data packets. Most of the time, you’ll find ISPs using this VPN because it connects multiple sites.

However, this option is not suitable for home users or beginners because the setup is complicated, and it’s very expensive. Of course, you can always learn how to set up, and if you are choosing a VPN for MAC, the process can be quite straightforward.

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Bonus 1: Hybrid VPN

From the name of this VPN, you can tell that it’s also a combination of two different types of VPN, which are MPLS and IPsec. With the hybrid VPN, IPsec usually works as the backup of MPLS for stronger encryption. This is an ideal VPN for businesses looking for high flexibility.

You get the ability to combine both protocols and use them from the same website. Additionally, you will have maximum protection when using public internet connections and have the ability to connect to the central site to remote locations. A combination of these VPNs can be quite expensive, but the advantages it comes with are worth the price.

Bonus 2: SSL and TLS

If you have an eCommerce website, then you need an SSL or TLS VPN. SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer while TLS stands for Transport Layer Security, both of which have different functions. You must have a website to use this VPN, so it’s not suitable for home use.

Which One Should You Choose?

As you can see, there are many types of VPN with various protocols, features, and technologies. You need to consider the main reasons why you want a VPN to determine which one to go for. Is it for home use? For your business?

Are you looking to watch unlimited movies and videos without having to face legal action? Do you require encryption? It may also depend on your location and how many networks you want to connect in different places. If you need the ultimate security, then you should not place price as a determining factor.

Types of VPN: The Rundown!

Even with a clear understanding of what you need, there are many types of VPN to choose from, and picking a reliable VPN service can be a challenge in itself. However, if you consider all your needs, you’ll undoubtedly find something that works for you.

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